A true pioneer in a country which relies 90% on coal to produce electricity, the little town of Kisielice in northern Poland is an extraordinary example of local energy transformation . By September 2014 the town achieved the 100% renewable electricity target. Although the town has only about 2,208 (2006) citizens it proves once again how large scale issues can be tackled more easily if broken down into smaller, localized solutions which can represent a convincing alternative as opposed to large scale centralized systems.
Part of the town electricity is delivered by two wind farms which together consist of 50 wind turbines with a total capacity of 94.5MW. A third 24MW wind farm is under construction and already partly operating. Local farmers get an extra income of about 5,000 € per year for the lease of each wind turbine within their land. A major 6MW biomass CHP plant generates electricity by burning cereal straws which are purchased from local farmers. The plant is connected to a district heating system which provides heating to 250 buildings, i.e. serving more than 90% of the local population. In December 2013 a construction of a biogas power plant driven by silage corn was completed. The plant produces an extra 1 MW of heat and 1 MW of electricity.
The municipality is also planning to invest in a solar PV farm as well as financing local micro solutions such as small wind turbines, roof solar panels and heat pumps for local residences.
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Tuesday, May 6th, 2015